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By the year 2000 there will probably be at least 7,000 pupils in the kindergarten and first six grades. The Schools and Recreation Map shows the schools which are sufficiently modern to warrant retaining them in the long-range school program as well as new schools which will be needed.

Schools to be retained:
Farm Hill
Wilbert Snow
Bertrand Spencer
Van Buren Moody

Schools to be retained, structures and sites to be enlarged:

Five New Elementary Schools: See Schools and Recreation Map

New Middletown High and Junior High Campus

Future School Age Population
In order to develop a sound plan for school facilities which the City will have to provide, we must first estimate the future population of school age. We have assumed from the studies reported in Chapter on population that the total resident population of Middletown in the "target" year of the Plan will be in the neighborhood of 65,000. The 1960 U.S. Census gives the population by age groups, corresponding to preschool, elementary, junior and senior high school grades. Table 10 gives these figures, based on the actual resident population, eliminating the patients and inmates of institutions and nonresident college students. This shows that the school age group in 1960 represented 21.8 percent of the resident population. Table 10 also gives the enrollment in all grades in the public schools in 1960, excluding tuition pupils from other towns, and the relation of enrollment to resident population. In 1940 the corresponding public school enrollment amounted to 16.2 percent of the resident population, and in 1950 it dipped to 14.5 percent compared with 17.5 percent in 1960.

For the purposes of the present study, the term "elementary" has been used to include the grades from kindergarten to the 6th, both inclusive. Similarly, the term "junior high" has been used to designate the 7th, 8th, and 9th grades and "senior high" the upper three. This is the present practice in effect for a majority of the pupils today. The Woodrow Wilson Junior and Senior High Schools each house three grades. The Middletown High School accommodates approximately 100 resident pupils in each of the upper four grades and about 300 tuition pupils from neighboring towns.

Educational policy may later change this division of grades. We understand that the present Board of Education favors limiting the elementary schools to Grades K through 5, placing Grades 6 through 8 in a "Middletown school" and the upper four grades in senior high. From the point of view of today's planning, the most important factor is the provision of adequate sites in the right locations. These sites should be large enough to allow flexibility in the placing and capacity of future buildings, as well as to provide plenty of room for recreation and other community activities. They should also be large enough to insure a flexibility in the policy of dividing the grades between elementary and secondary schools. The recommended size of senior high school site is adequate for either a four- or a three-year school.


Age Groups

Resident Population
Percent of Resident Population Public School Enrollment, 1959-60
Numbers Percent of Age Group Percent of Resident Population
Total 29,419 100.0      
(Grades K-6)
3,618 12.3 2,883 79.7 9.8
(Grades 7-9)
1,486 5.1 1,217 81.9 4.1
(Grades 10-12)
1,308 4.4 1,053 80.5 3.6
5-17 (Grades K-12) 6,412 21.8 5,153 80.4 17.5
3,238 11.0      
17 or less
9,650 32.8      

Source: Population from 1960 Census, excluding institutional population; enrollment from School Department.

Each year a census is taken by the School Department of all the residents under the age of 18. Table 11 taken from the September, 1964, Enumeration Report of that Department shows that there was a growth slightly more than 10 percent in the school age residents between April, 1960, and September, 1964, but little change in the preschool group. There has been a reduction in the percentage of each group who are enrolled in the public schools, especially in the junior and senior high categories. In these two groups the reduction in percentage is in part accounted for by the establishment of the Catholic High Schools.

Future Enrollment
Estimates of enrollment in the various grades for the next few years have been prepared by the School Department on the basis of recent trends and birth records. This gives a reliable projection for a limited time, but it cannot take into account the unknown factor of in-migration of new families into the City, except by allowing for a continuation of the present trend. Since the purpose of the present Plan is to provide facilities for the "target" population on a long-range basis, certain assumptions must be made as to the percentage of the population which will be represented by school-age residents and the proportion of these age groups who will attend public schools. The Connecticut Development Commission in its Interregional program has prepared projections of the State's population by age groups to the year 2000.* They have used both a cyclical and a straight line method of projection and the results give a range of upper and lower estimates, within which the actual future figure may be expected to fall. The upper range of estimates mage in the Development Commission study indicated that the 5-17 year group might include as much as 24.5 percent of the total population in the years 1970, 1980 and 1990 and possibly 26 percent in the year 2000. Another method of projection gave lower figures: 22.9 percent in 1970, 17.8 percent in 1980 and 21.9 percent in 1990.

From the projections of future school-age residents made in the Development Commission study, we see that the school-age group is likely, by 1990 or 2000, to represent a figure somewhere between 22 percent and 26 percent of the total population, compared with 21.8 percent in 1960. Considering the fact that by that date Middletown will be rather fully developed, with smaller proportion of new houses and consequently of young families, we doubt that the proportion of children will be so much higher than now. For the purposes of the present study, we have assumed that the 5-17 age group will, in the "target year, 2000", account for 22.5 percent of the total resident population, divided as follows:
5-11 years (Grades K-6) 13.0%
12-14 years (Junior High School) 5.0%
15-17 years (Senior High School) 4.5%

From Table 11 we see that approximately 78 percent of the 5-11 year age group attend a public elementary school. At present there are approximately 900 pupils in K-6 grades in parochial schools, or about 22 percent of the same age group. Assuming that the parochial elementary enrollment does not increase as fast as that of the public schools, the public elementary enrollment will probably represent around 85 percent of the age group. In the junior high grades the percentage is likely to be also in the neighborhood of 85 percent. Enrollment in the senior three grades has recently been between 75 and 80 percent of their age group. A normal increase in this percentage may be somewhat lessened by the establishment of the two Catholic High Schools and the growth of the Vinal Technical School. However, there is a continuing increase in the demand for secondary education. Therefore, the projections below for the upper three grades are based on 85 percent of the anticipated residents of that age group.


Age Group

Total Residents In Age Group Number In Public Schools Percentage of Age Group
5-11 years
(Grades K-6)
4,144 3,240 78.2
12-14 years
(Grades 7-9)
1,528 1,123 73.5
15-17 years
(Grades 10-12)
1,594 1,202 75.4
5-17 years
(Grades K-12)
7,266 5,565 76.6
0-4 years
3,215 111*  
  10,481 5,676  

Source: Enumeration Report, September, 1964

Note: Between 15 and 20 percent of the 4-year olds attend public kindergarten. They add about 3 percent to the anticipated total elementary enrollment based on the trends of population in the 5 to 11 group.

Table 12 summarizes the projections of public school enrollment to the "target" year for today's planning. Based on a future resident population of 65,000, the numbers of persons in the three school age groups and the probable public school enrollment are derived by applying the percentages described above. While the figures listed in Table 12 are estimates only and represent enrollments which may be reached at a time earlier or later than the "target" year 2000, they give the best picture now available of the the requirements for which we must plan, especially in securing sites today.

Elementary Schools
Elementary schools are the ones which are most closely related to the home and to home neighborhoods. Since they take in the youngest children, they are usually limited in size of each unit. It is generally the policy of educational authorities to consider the optimum size of a K-6 elementary school as one with from 20 to 24 rooms and with an enrollment of around 600 in those grades. Under this policy, when the elementary enrollment reaches the "target" figure of 7,200, there should be 12 such schools. These schools should be located where each can serve a neighborhood which will have approximately 600 to 700 elementary pupils when it is fully developed.


Age Groups

Number Percent of Total Percent of Age Group in Public School Equivalent Public School Enrollment Percent of Population
5-11 years (Grades K-6) 8,450 13.0 85 7,200 11.0
12-14 years (Grades 7-9) 3,250 5.0 85 2,750 4.2
15-17 years (Grades 10-12) 2,925 4.5 85 2,500 3.8
  14,625 22.5   12,450 19.0
Estimated Resident Population 65,000 100.0      

A study of the projected growth of the various residential neighborhoods was described in the Chapter on Neighborhoods. Table 9 in that chapter gives estimates of the number of residents in each neighborhood when the "target" population of 65,000 is reached. From data furnished by the School Department, the present (1963-64) number of elementary pupils in each neighborhood was determined. These figures are given in Table 13, along with the present ration of public school elementary enrollment to resident population. The boundaries of these neighborhoods are shown on Neighborhoods Map.

We see immediately that the area where there has been the highest volume of recent home building have the highest percentage of elementary pupils, notably Areas A and C. The older urban Areas, K and L, have the lowest percentage since they have a greater proportion of older families whose children are past school age.

As the City becomes more completely developed, the neighborhoods will tend to become more uniform in this respect, although the central urban areas may always be expected to have a much smaller proportion of children than the other sections. Based on the anticipated character of each neighborhood, when the 2000 or "target" population is reached, we have made an estimate of the percentage of the future residents to be found in public elementary school in each such area. These estimated percentages are given in the fifth column of Table 13. This table also lists the 2000 population to be expected in each neighborhood, taken from Table 9. The last column gives the resulting K-6 enrollment in public schools for the "target" year.

Neighborhood Area 1960 Pop. in Households 1963-64 K-6 Enrollment Percent of Population Estimated 2000 Population 2000 Enrollment % of Pop. Est. 2000 Enroll.
A 1,292 210 16% 6,000 13% 780
B 1,440 195 13% 5,500 13% 715
C 1,656 357 21% 5,670 12% 680
D 2,479 281 11% 5,580 11% 615
E 1,775 174 10% 3,710 13% 480
F 595 90 15% 4,180 13% 545
G 1,137 146 13% 4,800 12% 575
H 2,325 320 14% 3,490 12% 420
I 1,764 234 13% 4,350 12% 520
J 2,139 260 12% 3,170 12% 380
K 5,263 484 9% 7,070 6% 440
L 5,056 300 6% 6,400 8% 510
M 1,470 116 8% 3,850 10% 385
N 494 60 12% 1,230 10% 125
O 19 - - - - -
Totals 28,904 3,227 11% 65,000 11% 7,170

Present Elementary Schools
Middletown has four thoroughly modern elementary schools, constructed since 1950, and each on an adequate site. All of these are of fire resistive construction. Their locations are shown on the School and Recreation Map. They include:
Bertrand Spencer School, 1951, enlarged, 1958
F.J. Bielefield School, 1954
Wilbert Snow School, 1955
Van Buren Moody School, 1964

In the central part of the City there are two elementary schools. The Central School is a rebuilding in 1952 of an older structural condition, it is on a very inadequate site. The Stillman School was built in 1936 and is also on a very small site although it is adjacent to the City School's Field used as an athletic field for the Middletown High School. In the north end of the urban area, the MacDonough School, built in 1925, occupies a site of approximately two acres. The building is of reasonably good construction and in good condition, although the site is not large enough to meet present standards. In the southern part of the urban area is the Farm Hill School, which occupies a site recently enlarged to five acres. An addition containing five classrooms was completed at this school in 1964.

There are two other schools in the south end. The Eckersley-Hall School, built in 1928, occupies a small site, hemmed in by streets on all sides. The Hubbard School is the oldest of the elementary schools now in use, having been built in 1908. It is an obsolete school building, lacking fire resistive construction and without gymnasium, auditorium or cafeteria facilities. There is a small four-room school in the south portion of the City, known as the Long Hill School. It was built in 1926, but is not of fire resistive construction. Although is has a site of approximately six acres, which could be enlarged, the location at the busy traffic intersection of South Main Street and Randolph Road makes it unsuitable for long-term use.

School Year Built Site Area Acres No. of Classrooms Optimum Enrollment Maximum Capacity Playground Area Acres
Van Buren Moody 1964 34 20 550 640 3
Wilbert Snow 1955 25 20 550 640 5
Bertrand Spencer 1951-58 12 20 550 640 2
F.J. Bielefield 1954 10 9 250 290 1
Stillman 1936 1 8 215 250 0.25
Eckersley-Hall 1928 2 7 190 230 0.5
Farm Hill 1927 5 14 250 350 1
Long Hill 1926 6 4 100 120 2
MacDonough 1925 2 12 300 380 0.5
Hubbard 1908 5 11 300 350 3
Central 1952 1 17 450 530 0.25
Totals   103 142 3,705 4,360 18.5

Notes: eight classrooms at Central School are currently being used for seventh and eighth grade pupils. The number of K-6 classrooms available is therefore 134.
Data from School Department

Tomorrow's Sites
From the point of view of planning today the most important factor is the securing of adequate sites before the land is all developed and therefore it becomes prohibitively expensive. Today's plan for school sites must be flexible enough to allow for possible changes in policies and requirements. Ideas about the size of school sites have changed drastically in the last two or three decades. Formerly it was adequate to include a small yard around a school, and the buildings had two or three stories. Today it is necessary to provide plenty of room for recreation, adequate space to park automobiles and to load and unload school buses. The most efficient and most economical buildings now are generally one or at the most two stories high. All of Middletown's elementary schools built since World War II are on one level, with the exception of the rebuilding of Central School.

The three most recent schools have set a pattern for a K-6 unit. Each contains twenty classrooms and has a maximum capacity of 640 pupils, although the optimum enrollment is 550. The two newest have sites of 25 and 34 acres, respectively. The standard established by the State Department of Education requires a site of 5 acres plus one acre for each 100 pupils. On this basis the site of the Spencer School just meets the minimum.

In acquiring new sites, it is most important to secure enough land for several purposes. There must be room for a single story building, located well back from traveled highways, with plenty of recreation and parking space. There is an increasing tendency for school buildings and grounds to be used outside of school hours and all year for community activities and especially recreation. Planning for school sites should be combined with planning for recreation. The school site may be part of a larger park area.

The minimum area for each new elementary school, for school purposes only, should be 15 or 20 acres. If the land can also include community facilities for recreation and other activities, it should be correspondingly larger. This may mean that the land will be acquired and developed under two separate programs: School purposes and community recreation, open space or conservation.

The Program for Elementary Schools
From Table 14 we see that the present elementary schools, including the new Van Buren Moody School, have an optimum capacity of 3,705 and a maximum capacity of 4,360. The School Department's projections of enrollment to the school year of 1968-69 are as follows:
K-6 enrollment 1963-64 3,220 (actual, October 1)
  1964-65 3,391 (actual, October 1)
  1965-66 3,537  
  1966-67 3.622  
  1967-68 3,673  
  1968-69 3,639  

These figures are based on births allocated to Middletown in prior years and may not reflect a possible increase due to a heavier in-migration of families into the City in the next few years. However, referring to Table 14, it appears that Middletown has sufficient capacity in elementary facilities for a number of years. This allows a period in which the community can give its attention to replacement of obsolete buildings, to consolidating some inefficient schools and to planning for schools in the locations where they will be needed by the future pattern of residential development.

In developing the long-range program we have first consideration to what will exist when Middletown reached what we have called the "target" growth. This contemplates a complete development in accordance with the present plan. If represents the stage at which the community will have attained a maturity and a leveling off of its growth, unless the nature of all present day development undergoes a complete and unforeseeable change.

The program for converting the city's elementary school plant from the 1964 enrollment of 3,200 to the projected 2000 enrollment of 7,200 must go on progressively. While all estimates about the future are, at best educated guesses, especially as the time element recedes into the future, nevertheless, these projections give a direction to our thinking. The transition in elementary school enrollment over the future years may be expected to follow the pattern below, remembering that the progression may be slowed down or considerably speeded up by external circumstances. The K-6 enrollments suggested below may be achieved several years earlier or later than the corresponding years. The 1980 figures may be reached only in 1985 and the 1990 ones in 2000, or vice versa, but this table gives a guide to our program.
K-6 enrollment 1967 3,500
  1970 4,000
  1980 4,900
  1990 6,000
  2000 7,200

Neighborhoods and Elementary Schools

The Central Neighborhood
The future of the two elementary schools in the center of the City, Stillman and Central, is closely related to the urban renewal program in the area. At the present time the area served by these two schools has a total of 404 pupils in the K-6 grades. In addition, the Central School accommodates nearly 200 junior high school pupils in the seventh and eighth grades, who reside in a much larger area. The need for additional junior high school facilities is discussed below. If the seventh and eighth graders are removed from the Central School, there would remain approximately 400 elementary pupils in this neighborhood. It would be much more efficient to house these in one school rather than two.

We therefore propose that the City negotiate with Wesleyan University for the sale of the Central School, which is located in an area which already has considerable university property and is suitable for university expansion. The same suggestion is made below concerning the Middletown High School property. Relocation of the latter to another site outside the urban area would permit use of part of the City School's Field for expansion of the Stillman School to take care of the present and future needs of this neighborhood.

The present enrollment in the neighborhood designated as "K" is approximately 480. Urban renewal projects and expansion of Wesleyan University are likely to reduce the area of land used for residence considerably, but the development of multiple housing projects will probably offset a drop in population. The elementary enrollment is likely to remain constant. If the K-5 program is put into effect, the elementary enrollment is this neighborhood would probably be around 400.

North of the Center
The present K-6 enrollment for the neighborhood designated as "L" is 300. It is served by the MacDonough School, which has a maximum capacity of 380.

This area may have several housing projects, with an increase of density. The present school building is suitable for modernization and enlargement as necessary, if the site is enlarged. The school is adjacent to the North End Playground, but additional land is needed for expansion of both school and playground facilities. It appears likely that this area may be included in a future urban renewal project, which would facilitate the acquisition of more land. The "L" neighborhood will probably have a 2000 K-6 enrollment of about 500. If the K-5 program is adopted, this neighborhood is likely to have an elementary enrollment of around 430. It may prove wisest to consider an entirely new school for this neighborhood if the present site appears to be adversely affected by future changes in the highway pattern if urban renewal makes it financially attractive.

South of the Central District
The present enrollment from the area designated as neighborhood "J" is approximately 260. It is served by the Hubbard School. This neighborhood may be partly included in future urban renewal and may have one or more housing projects. The present school is old located in an area of mixed industrial and residential uses. It should be replaced with a modern building on a better site. This should be accomplished as part of an urban renewal project, in order to take advantage of any possible credit to the City under the renewal procedure. The site should contain about 12 acres, in order to provide for a possible school load of at least 400 pupils. If the K-5 program is adopted, the figure will be nearer 350.

The Northwest Sector
Neighborhood Area Estimated 2000 Enrollment
A 780
B 715
C 680
N 125
Total 2,300

The present enrollment in these four areas is approximately 820. The maximum capacity of the Spencer and Van Buren Moody schools is 1,280. Enrollment will be reached this figure about 1970 to 1972. At the time New School "A" will be needed in the A Area. If it has twenty rooms, it would bring maximum capacity of the three schools to 1920, which should equal the enrollment to about 1985. After that date it may be necessary to enlarge these facilities. The Van Buren Moody School has a large site of 34 acres. The site for New School "A" should contain 20 to 25 acres. The Spencer site is only adequate for the present building, so that any long-range expansion of facilities would have to take place at Van Buren Moody and New School "A". Assuming that Neighborhood N remains a rural area, it is not expected to have enough pupils for its own school and would, therefore, be served by the Van Buren Moody School. The site for New School "A" should be acquired without delay. Even though the adoption of K-5 might reduce the anticipated elementary enrollment in these areas, there should be no diminution in the area of the New School "A" site.

The West-Central Area
Neighborhood Area Estimated 2000 Enrollment
D 615
E 480
Total 1,095

The present K-6 enrollment in these two areas is approximately 450. They are served by the Snow School with a maximum capacity of 640. The design of this school, with separate classroom buildings, facilities enlargement. Enrollment will reach this figure (640) about 1972, on the K-6 basis. On the K-5 basis, a figure of about 550 is likely to be reached around 1972. This is the optimum capacity of the Snow School. At that time it will be necessary to increase the capacity of the Snow School, either as a single elementary unit or divided into primary and intermediate units. The site is large enough to permit a flexible plan. It seems reasonable to take care of these two neighborhoods at the Snow site, located midway between them, rather than to plan an additional school in the D area.

The Southern Area
Neighborhood Area Estimated 2000 Enrollment
F 545
G 575
Total 1,120

The present K-6 enrollment in these two areas is approximately 240. The Long Hill School can accommodate only 120 at the maximum. Eventually each of these neighborhoods will need a separate elementary school of twenty classrooms; therefore, a site of 20 to 25 acres should be acquired in each area before development proceeds much further than at present. Pupils from these two neighborhoods are now accommodated at Farm Hill and Bielefield. Building activity is likely to spur the growth to the point where a new school in either of the two areas will be needed by 1968 or 1970. The first school probably be located in Neighborhood F, followed by a school in Neighborhood G, about 1980 to 1985.

The South-Central Area
Neighborhood Area Estimated 200 Enrollment
H 420
I 520
Total 940

The present K-6 enrollment in these two areas is approximately 550, served by Bielefield, Farm Hill and Eckersley Schools. Eckersley has a current enrollment of about 160. It will be more efficient and economical to discontinue this School. The future enrollment of these two neighborhoods should be served by Bielefield and Farm Hill. Farm Hill, with current additions, has a maximum capacity of 350, but its site should be enlarged by acquisition of land to the south of the present building, to a total of 15 to 20 acres, to provide flexibility for possible future enlargement.

Bielefield may be enlarged to a capacity of 640. A study should be made at this time to see how much additional land is needed to insure a proper siting of any building additions and auxiliary facilities at Bielefield. For a number of years the Bielefield School will have to serve the M neighborhood. This will advance the date at which the Bielefield addition will be needed. By sometime around 1972 to 1975 a separate school will be needed in the M area. The date will depend on building activity in that neighborhood.
Neighborhood Area Estimated 2000 Enrollment
M 385

The present K-6 enrollment is approximately 120. This area has no school and is presently served by the Bielefield School. It may have considerable building activity, although portions will remain rural. At sometime around 1972 to 1975 this area will need its own school. A site should be acquired without delay, large enough for a school of 600 capacity, in case growth exceeds the estimate. It should contain 15 to 20 acres, it is suggested that the City seek to obtain some of the hospital land as a site.

Junior High School Grades
At present the 7th and 8th grade pupils are divided between the Woodrow Wilson Junior High School and the Central School. The 9th grade is divided between the Middletown High School and Woodrow Wilson Junior High. There are approximately 1,100 pupils in these three grades. By 2000 there are likely to be about 2,750 junior high school pupils in Grades 7 through 9. If the Board of Education changes its classification of junior high grades to include 6 through 8, the enrollment in these grades will be at approximately the same figure.

The Woodrow Wilson Junior High School occupies a building originally built as a senior high school in 1931, but added to in 1939 and 1960. It is in excellent condition and is capable of accommodating from 900 to 1,000 pupils. At present, it has about 840 pupils, while about 270 in Grades 7 through 9 attend the Central-Middletown High combination.

The School Department projections indicated that the junior high enrollment will grow to about 1,200 next year and to over 1,350 in 1968. If the junior high at that time includes Grades 6, 7 and 8, the 1968 enrollment will be nearly 1,500. This figure could be well increase to about 1,600 in 1970 and to 1,800 by 1975.

If the City maintains a 3-grade junior high organization whether for Grades 7 through 9 or 6 through 8, and if 900 to 1,000 pupils is considered to be the best size of junior high school, it will eventually need three such plants. If the Central and Middletown High School buildings are disposed of, one new junior high school will be needed immediately and by 1975 it would have to accommodate at least as many as now attend the Woodrow Wilson Junior High.

We therefore recommend an early acquisition of a site for a second junior high school, to be located in the northern part of the City. This should be considered in connection with a senior high school site which is discussed in the next paragraph.

Senior High School Grades
Until recent years Middletown had two separate school districts, the City ad the Town, going back to the days before consolidation. As a result, there are two high schools. The Middletown High School, at the corner of Court and Pearl Streets, is a typical city type of school, occupying almost all of its site. It was built in 1894 and enlarged in 1914. It has no rook for outdoor recreation or for automobile parking. It has an athletic field of approximately 2 acres several blocks away. it would be impracticable to enlarge or modernize this structure or to add to its site. As it lies in the area into which Wesleyan University may expand, it is suggested that the City enter into negotiations with the University with a view to dispose of this property.

The Woodrow Wilson Senior High School occupies a structure built in 1956 and enlarged in 1962. It can readily accommodate about 1,000 pupils Its site is somewhat restricted. Additional land, including some houses, should be acquired in order to protect the investment at this school and to insure space for future enlargement as may become necessary.

The present enrollment in the upper three grades is slightly over 1,200, of whom about 860 attend the Woodrow Wilson School. In addition to approximately 400 local pupils in these grades, the Middletown High School has nearly 300 tuition pupils from other towns. The enrollment in Grades 10 through 12, exclusive of tuition pupils, is likely to reach 2,500 sometime between 1990 and 2000. However, this figure may be somewhat reduced by increases at the Vinal Regional Technical School and by the growth of the two Catholic High Schools. On the other hand, there may be an increase in high school attendance generally, as well as the introduction of one or more grades at the postgraduate level.

If the Board of Education adopts the four-year senior high program, the enrollment in those grades by 1975 would be approximately 1,700, exclusive of out-of-town pupils. Including tuition pupils, the enrollment would reach approximately the same figure next year. Middletown, therefore, needs a new high school immediately and should acquire an adequate site at one. Since the Woodrow Wilson School is in the southern part of the City, and since the population will be roughly divided into equal parts between the halves, it follows that the new plant should be located in the northern portion.

It will be most efficient to combine this plant with the required junior high school, since some of the facilities may be jointly used and since there would be economies in transportation. But the site must be large enough to separate junior and senior buildings adequately. it is quite possible that post-secondary education under local auspices will be much more prevalent in the future. This may take the form of community junior colleges or of similar courses provided by local high schools. In view of the flexibility needed to meet the long-range requirements and developments which cannot be foreseen today, the site should be adaptable for a campus type of project. To accommodate the educational facilities which may be provided, along with related athletic and recreational space and other community uses, the site should contain on the order of 100 acres.

    Summary of the School Program
    1. Prompt Acquisition of New Sites for:
      1. Senior and Junior High School Campus
      2. Elementary School, Neighborhood F
      3. Elementary School, Neighborhood A
      4. Elementary School, Neighborhood M
      5. Elementary School, Neighborhood G
    2. Site Expansion
      1. Farm Hill School
      2. Bielefield School
      3. MacDoungh School (possibly a new site in connection with urban renewal)
    3. In Connection with Urban Renewal
      1. Stillman School site expansion (City-owned land)
      2. New site for replacement of Hubbard School
  1. New Buildings
    1. New Senior and Junior High Schools, 1966
    2. New School F, 1968
    3. Replacement of Hubbard School (Urban Renewal), 1970
    4. New School A, 1970
    5. New School M, 1972
    6. New School G, 1980
  2. Building Enlargements
    1. Stillman School, 1966
    2. Bielefield School, 1968
    3. MacDonough School (or new building), 1970
    4. Wilbert Snow School, 1972

* Connecticut Development Commission, Interregional Program, Technical Report 131: Population.


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